The palm also occurs to a lesser extent towards the Arabian Peninsula and India. Doum palm grow and care – palm tree of the genus Hyphaene also known as Hyphaene thebaica, Doum palm perennial evergreen used for edible fruits and also as drought tolerant ornamental or medical plant, can grow in desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10-12. The fibre and leaflets are used by people along the Niger and Nile Rivers to weave baskets, such as in the material culture of the Manasir, mats, coarse textiles, brooms, ropes, string and thatch.
Plant / Seedling / Seed / Vegetative reproduction, Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? [1] This practice is often performed incorrectly by cutting into the stem too deeply which kills the tree. The uses for these leaves as shelter have expanded to include tourist sites and refugee camps and also with the increase in more permanent settlements in African communities. [6] The fruits of Hyphaene compressa are eaten by elephants, baboons, and monkeys (endangered Tane River Crested Manbey). [1] The tree can be said to be fairly fire resistant and drought resistant. The stalks of immature palm leaves are split into long strips to make a variety of products such as baskets, mats, chairs, brooms and hats. When ripe the fruit appears orange-brown and tastes sweet. The Hyphaene compressa is a woody dioecious tree that is slow growing and long living. Additional countries with a high distribution of Hyphaene compressa include Somalia, Madagascar and Ethiopia. A team of Egyptian archeologists led by Zahi Hawass found 8 baskets of these nuts in the tomb of King Tutankhamun in 2007. Doum palm grow and care – palm tree of the genus Hyphaene also known as Hyphaene thebaica, Doum palm perennial evergreen used for edible fruits and also as drought tolerant ornamental or medical plant, can grow in desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 10-12. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by “The King of Palm Wood”. The soils of the doum palm are salty, calcareous and alkaline (pH 9) and of general poor quality. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The doum palm is another one of the few trees that grow in the Sahara. Handcoloured copperplate stipple engraving from Jussieu's 'Dictionary of Natural Science,' Florence, Italy, 1837. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 6 April – June 2010. It is widespread in the Sahel and grows from Mauritania and Senegal in the west, through Central Africa, and east to Egypt, Kenya and Tanzania. The palm tree (arkobkobay ghereb) is extremely drought-tolerant and happen to also have a wood texture that is very resistant to bush fires. People use it as a herbal tea drink to treat hypertension. The fruit are traditionally offered at funerals.[7]. The stem can be 15cm in diameter [ 303 [1] Hyphaene compressa thrives in direct light in open grasslands and along edges of lakes, swamps, rivers and oceans. It tends to grow in areas where groundwater is present and is found along the Nile River in Egypt and Sudan, in riverine areas of northwestern Kenya, and along the Niger River in West Africa. The bark is fairly smooth, dark grey and bears the scars of fallen leaves.

Eaten raw, cakes, dry, juice, jam and frozen, Work requirements on the fruit: When the tree is young it’s easy to pick the fruit after that it become harder, How long does it take to bear fruit? Doum Palm . A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Availability to Hyphaene compressa, ability to effectively utilize its product and skills of the regional people are all limiting factors. The database and code is licensed under a Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyphaene_thebaica&oldid=986416816, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 18:41. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops.
Hyphaene thebaica (Doum Palm) is a species of tree in the family palms. Hyphaene compressa, also known as the East African doum palm, is a palm tree in the genus Hyphaene.It is a tree known for its unique branching, unlike most Palms which are not branched. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T19017230A95306916.en, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". [1][8] The fruits are edible by humans and are highly packed with energy. It is a native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half of Africa where it is widely distributed and tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. Bole fairly smooth but clearly showing the scars of the fallen leaves. A commercial drink in Niger, called Torridité Glacée, is made from this fruit, somewhat reminiscent in taste of ice coffee or milk chocolate. The doum palm is a dioecious palm and grows up to 17 m (56 ft) high. (2017). Almost all of the East African doum palm can be utilised, the most highly used part of the tree being its leaves. [1] The trunks before the first branching can be made into very sturdy, termite proof building material that includes poles, fences and latrines. [3] The trees obtain water by having a high water table in which the trees taproots can access. Doum Palm is a photoautotroph. [2] Elephants favour eating the Doum palm fruit and have become the major mechanism for seed dispersal in Hyphaene compressa. Doum Palms are tall trees and have light brown trunks. The fruit baskets were each 50 centimetres high, the antiquities department said. It has a self-supporting growth form. No, Difficulties or problems when growing: Allelopathy, hard to pick the fruit, Pests and diseases: Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, How to prune: Dead leaves but not to cut them until the trunk the stem of the dead leaves protect the trunk, Growth speed in optimal condition: Medium growing / Slow growing, Water requirement: Average amount of water, Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun, Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant?

The trunk of this small palm is dichotomous. It is one of the most important useful plants in the world.


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