Pres. [43][44] Those who call the area the Republic of Somaliland consider it to be the successor state of the former British Somaliland protectorate. This effort was crushed in the Sonderbund War and a new Swiss Federal Constitution was created.[52].

Some organizations separately work for the independence of Venetia or Veneto and the secession or reunification of South Tyrol with Austria. When all these attempts failed in 2016 and Cameroon engaged in a military crackdown including cutting the internet in the English speaking regions, the people of Southern Cameroons declared on October 1, 2017, the restoration of their UN state of Southern Cameroons, which they called the "Federal Republic of Ambazonia".

The Cape Party contested their first elections on 22 April 2009.[51].

The Indian Union Territory bulk of Jammu and Kashmir hosts some paramilitary Muslim-state-advocating nationalists, operating against the Indian establishment. [27], In liberal constitutional democracies the principle of majority rule has dictated whether a minority can secede. Secession, in U.S. history, the withdrawal of 11 slave states (states in which slaveholding was legal) from the Union during 1860–61 following the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. If you want to continue on as a member, you will have to shell out the additional $9000. The Balochistan Liberation Army (also Baloch Liberation Army or Boluchistan Liberation army) (BLA) is a Baloch nationalist militant secessionist organization. "[29][28], North Yemen and South Yemen merged in 1990; tensions led to a 1994 southern secession which was crushed in a civil war.[57]. It was eliminated in the 1974 constitution of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (officially the "Union of Myanmar"). In 1972, Cameroun used her majority population to abolish the federation and implement a system which resulted in the occupation of Southern Cameroon territory by French speaking Cameroon administrators. After the 1823 collapse of the First Mexican Empire, the former Captaincy-General of Guatemala was organized into a new Federal Republic of Central America. Negotiated consent – Home states and the international community increasingly consent to secessionist demands. Threats of secession can be a strategy for achieving more limited goals. A secession argument rooted in international law is very difficult to craft for Catalonia. Pakistan seceded from the British Indian empire in what is known as the Partition. The desire for South Island independence was one of the main factors in moving the capital of New Zealand from Auckland to Wellington in the same year. Those that want a private golf club north of Hilton Head, in the Beaufort area choose between Secession and Chechessee Creek. In 1838 Nicaragua seceded.

Today, the MIS no longer exists, though many other parties have been born. Almost immediately, the Turkish Army invaded northern Cyprus to protect the interests of the ethnic Turkish minority, who in the following year formed the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus and in 1983 declared independence as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, recognized only by Turkey.

CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, List of active autonomist and secessionist movements, List of historical autonomist and secessionist movements, United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI), Politics of Khūzestān Province: Arab politics and separatism, was expelled from the Malaysian federation, Dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905, Provinces of Papua New Guinea § The Bougainville issue, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. France was one of the European Great Powers with populous foreign empires; like the others – the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands; and formerly Germany and the Ottoman Empire – populous states abroad have all seceded, in most cases granted independence. On January 1, 1960, Cameroon under French administration (Cameroun) was granted independence from France and admitted into the United Nations. The Republican Party formed during this decade around the idea that the territories should remain free; i.e., slaveholding should not be permitted in them. Some of the most famous and significant secessions have been: the former Soviet republics leaving the Soviet Union, and Algeria leaving France. There was no place for reconsideration or revocation, except through revolution or through consent of the States.

In the case of proposed Quebec separation from Canada the Supreme Court of Canada in 1998 ruled that only both a clear majority of the province and a constitutional amendment confirmed by all participants in the Canadian federation could allow secession.[27]. Their political opponents, New England Federalists, briefly considered withdrawing from the Union at the Hartford Convention in 1814.

The referendum was one of the consequences of the 2005 Naivasha Agreement between the Khartoum central government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [19] David B. Carter, H. E. Goemans and Ryan Griffiths find that border changes among states tend to conform to borders for previous administrative units. He was therefore no longer King of Norway and because the union depended on the two countries sharing a king, it was thus dissolved. Kosovo declared de facto independence on February 17, 2008, and was recognized by several dozen countries, but officially remains under United Nations administration.



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