In 878 Alfred won the Battle of Edington, and was able to enforce a treaty with the Danes.

The defeat of Guthrum after the battle of Edington, and after many other failed attempts to take the country, was immensely demoralizing to the Danes, and Wessex was made safe from them for some years. Asser's Life of King Alfred: Asserius De Rebus Gestis Ælfredi. Simon Adams is a historian and writer living and working in London. At the Battle of Edington an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878. Alfred gave a rousing speech to his men, urging them to fight against the rapacious Danes and show no mercy. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965). Charter S.646 referring to a meeting held at Edington in 957 by the king's councillors, Charter S.765 giving land from Edington to Romsey Abbey in 968. Domesday Book entry for Edington, Wiltshire. Keynes/Lapidge. Before its destruction this version had been transcribed and annotated; it is this transcription on which modern translations are based. [8] He made several attacks on Wessex, starting in 875, and in the last nearly captured Alfred in his winter fortress at Chippenham. Halfdan went back to Deira and fought the Picts and the Strathclyde Welsh to secure his northern kingdom. By 896 the Vikings gave up with some going to East Anglia and others going to Northumbria. According to the Life, "Fighting ferociously, forming a dense shield-wall against the whole army of the Pagans, and striving long and bravely...at last he [Alfred] gained the victory. In 836, Ecgberht of Wessex met in battle a force of 35 ships at Carhampton, and in 838 he faced a combined force of Vikings and Cornishmen at Hingston Down in Cornwall. At the Battle of Edington, an army of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex under Alfred the Great defeated the Great Heathen Army led by Guthrum on a date between 6 and 12 May AD 878, resulting in the Treaty of Wedmore later the same year. Battle of Edington, (6–12 May 878). After hearing of Guthrum's success, the Frisian Viking leader Ubbe Ragnarrsson led a fleet of 23 ships from South Wales to northern Devon near the fortress of Arx Cynuit, intending to corner Alfred in a pincer movement.

This post on the Battle of Ethandun is adapted from my book, King Alfred: A Man on the Move, available from Amazon and book shops.. After Alfred left Athelney, he went via Egbert’s Stone and Iglea to Ethandun where he fought against the Vikings and won. From the year 875, Guthrum, ruler of the Danelaw, made several attacks on Wessex, in his last attack he almost succeeded in capturing the Saxon King Alfred the Great in his winter fortress at Chippenham. British troops under Arthur Wellesley (Wellington)…, Bannockburn, battle of Early in 1314 Edward II assembled a large army to restore his crumbling authority in Scotland an…, Edinger, Johanna Gabrielle Ottilie (Tilly), Edinboro University of Pennsylvania: Tabular Data, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania: Narrative Description, Edison College: Distance Learning Programs, Edison Community College: Distance Learning Programs, Edison Community College: Narrative Description, Edison State Community College: Distance Learning Programs, Edison State Community College: Narrative Description, Edison State Community College: Tabular Data, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edington-battle. The Memorial stone plaque reads: Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, A.D. 793: "This year came dreadful fore-warnings over the land of the Northumbrians, terrifying the people most woefully: these were immense sheets of light rushing through the air, and whirlwinds, and fiery dragons flying across the firmament. This is an ancient landscape. The converted Guthrum took the baptismal name of Athelstan. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content.

He overthrew the Pagans with great slaughter, and smiting the fugitives, he pursued them as far as the fortress [i.e., Chippenham]."[15].

Vergil.

[19][44] It is possible that the enforced conversion was an attempt by Alfred to lock Guthrum into a Christian code of ethics, hoping it would ensure the Danes' compliance with any treaties agreed to. Mercia had collapsed by 874, and the Army's cohesion went with it. On the barrow at Lanhill near Chippenham, with remarks on the site of and the events connected with the battles of Cynuit and Ethandun. THIS STONE, PRESENTED BY F. SWANTON AND SONS, NORTH FARM, WEST OVERTON, IS A SARSEN STONE SIMILAR TO THOSE AT KINGSTON DEVERILL, THE AREA WHERE KING ALFRED RALLIED SAXON LEVIES FROM HAMPSHIRE, WILTSHIRE AND SOMERSET TO MARCH AGAINST GUTHRUM'S VIKING ARMY BASED AT CHIPPENHAM.

Retrieved October 18, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edington-battle.

[46] Over the next few years this particular Danish faction had several encounters with Alfred's forces. By the end of the 9th century all of the Anglo-Danish rulers were minting coins too. Guthrum and his men settled in East Anglia. Many of the men in the counties around (Somerset, Wiltshire, and Hampshire) who had not already fled rallied to him there. . [47] Guthrum reigned as king, in East Anglia, until his death in 890 and although this period was not always peaceful he was not considered a threat.[43][48]. May 23, 2020 - Explore Tim Reed's board "Maps of Expansion", followed by 109 people on Pinterest. [14] The next day, Alfred's host moved to Iley Oak, and then the day after that to Edington. [34][35] Arguments for the alternative sites were generally name-based, although with the large interest in everything Alfredian in the 19th century, any site that had an Alfred connection could be guaranteed large numbers of tourists, so this was also a driving force to find a link. The arrival of a Danish "great army" in East Anglia in 865 marked the start of a new phase of Viking attacks on Britain. Although there may have been an early oral tradition about the burning of the cakes there is no contemporary evidence for the cake story. ." He overthrew the Pagans with great slaughter, and smiting the fugitives, he pursued them as far as the fortress ."[15]. [4] In 835, heathen men ravaged Sheppey. Also in 879, according to Asser, another Viking army sailed up the River Thames and wintered at Fulham. The Oxford Companion to British History. [26] A charter records a meeting of the king's council at Eðandun, although a later scribe has annotated the same document with Eðandune. Domesday Book entry for Edington, Wiltshire. [14] The primary difference between this agreement and the treaties at Wareham and Exeter was that Alfred had decisively defeated the Danes at Edington, rather than just stopping them, and therefore it seemed more likely that they would keep to the terms of the treaty.

Consequently, in 879, the Viking army left Chippenham and made their way to Cirencester and remained there for a year. By 878, the Danes held the east and north east of England, and their defeat at the Battle of Ashdown had paused but not halted their advance. Alfred and a handful of followers, pursued by some of Guthrum's best warriors, fled west into the marshlands of the Somerset Levels, setting up his base on the island of Athelney and preparing to make a final stand with his last 400 followers. The Yorkist leadership fled abroad after its ignominious and precipitate f…, Battle of the Spurs BY DAVID ROSS, EDITOR. [5] What made this army different from those before it was its intent. On the barrow at Lanhill near Chippenham, with remarks on the site of and the events connected with the battles of Cynuit and Ethandun. 1857. [8] He made several attacks on Wessex, starting in 875, and in the last nearly captured Alfred in his winter fortress at Chippenham. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.



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