shell to 12,300 yards (11,200 m).

As one Australian says after a battle in the desert, “The Italians counterattacked with nine tanks and hundreds of infantrymen. From 30 June 1916 the War Office adopted Major-General Birch's recommendations to increase heavy battery sizes to 6 guns,[21] as more guns with better concentration of firepower were required on the Western Front, while minimising the administrative overhead of more batteries. [12] The tractor wheels added more weight to be towed, requiring the use of Holt artillery tractors to replace horses.

Within academic circles, it is highlighted to have been useful but was obsolete by the time the war was underway. Unfortunately, Captain Boys died only days before and so the rifle was renamed Boys in his honor. ISBN 978-0-08-040984-9. In early 1917 new brakes, a new cradle design and calibrating sights were adopted.[13]. This moved most of the weight when traveling away from the limber on to the carriage's own wheels - most weight was on the gun carriage wheels rather than the limber wheels and it was 1 ton heavier. Another user of the Boys was the Republic of China.

Britain used some heavy guns in that war under ad hoc arrangements. The image of the German-produced pamphlet on the Boys has been taken, without permission, or even the acknowledgement afforded most other images, from our website page on the Boys anti-tank rifle at ……. However, due to the lack of a German tank threat, with those that did appear easily dealt with by artillery or other means, no further development past prototype stage was taken. This meant a tank could take several hits before stopping (if it stopped at all), thus demoralising troops. London: Brassey's, 1992.

There was also a walnut cheek-piece and the butt was curved and padded to allow for better control of the weapon. The materiel is of British design and manufacture throughout, and the units ceded to the United States include the Gun, Mark I, mounted on a carriage, Mark II; the gun carriage limber, Mark II, the ammunition wagon, Mark II; and the ammunition wagon limber, Mark II". The Boys Anti-Tank Rifle was part of Britain’s interwar development of weapons designed to take on tanks. This carrier had muzzle velocity corrector scale and an elevating arc below the sight mount, the arc was fitted with a choice of range scales depending on the ammunition being used. suppressing or destroying the enemy's artillery). You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The bullet was 926 gr. Due to the constant upgrading of Axis tanks in face of more superior and widespread Allied anti-tank weaponry (especially those for the infantryman like the Bazooka and PIAT), the Boys was left behind.

At the end of the war no batteries were based within the United Kingdom, 74 batteries were in service with the BEF on the Western Front, three in Italy, 11 in Macedonia, seven in Palestine, and four in Mespotamia. The team reduced the weight of the bullet itself and increased the propellant, making a lighter but faster bullet. Taking up the Platoon’s Boys, which he had never used before, Sheppard fired three rounds into each tank, knocking out two of them and making the rest third retreat. This allowed the weapon to achieve a velocity of 802 meters per second, and was highly accurate up to a range of 300 yards (274 meters). With a muzzle velocity of 884 m/s, the Boys was able to penetrate up to 23.2mm of armor at 100 yards. It was also given to the reformed armies of the Governments in Exile, like Poland, to give them some form of anti-tank protection. Weighing 4.4 tonnes, the 60-pounder required a team of 8 horses to tow it, with a maximum of 12 possible in difficult conditions. This reduced the weight by 9 cwt. During the early campaigns, like Norway and France, the Boys performed adequately against the thinly armored Panzer I, II and IIIs. TE Moderator. It was also mounted onto a unique looking T-shaped monopod that allowed for a stable firing platform.

Ordnance Dept, May 1920, Photograph of Mk.

For his actions that day, which helped keep the right flank of the British position solid, he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal.

While the artillery got the 2 pounder, a cheaper, lighter alternative was needed for the Infantry to help deal with tanks and other armored vehicles. Used with the APDS shot, it was capable of defeating all but the thickest armour on German tanks.

"The United States procured a number of batteries of 5-inch 60 pounder guns with the necessary accompanying vehicles from Great Britain. However, this had the negative effect of increased report and recoil, also less penetration. Your email address will not be published. The Boys was noted for its ferocious recoil, with many British soldiers complaining of headaches, bruised or even broken shoulders. Neall knocked out three Italian tanks with his Boyes anti-tank rifle, a feat that astounded everyone —the Boyes rifle was noted for its uselessness.” This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Two Boys Mk Is were produced in a 13.2 calibre (the same calibre as the Tankgewehr of 1918).

History.

Osprey Publishing, Oxford UK, 2004, Nigel F Evans, Ordnance B.L. hardened steel core bullet with a lead sleeve and a steel jacket.

Source: Axishistory [15], Shrapnel was also varied with bullet weights ranging from 35 to 41 bullets/pound and total loads varying from 616 (Mk ID) to 992 (Mk I) bullets.[15].

Finland was lacking in many modern arms, including anti-tank weaponry and asked any nation for help. Jaegerplatoon- AT Rifles (910 mm); Airborne: 30 in.

US Marine Corps “Raiders” used the Boys on their special operations in the Pacific.

The first Japanese tank disabled by Commonwealth forces was a Type 95 Ha-Go at Ahioma in August 1942. The barrel was a wire woundA tube in a jacket with a screw breech. Both sides have valid points to their arguments. Very few were produced and the project was canceled in 1943 when the Boys was declared obsolete.

However, unlike many of its counterparts, it was fed from a top loading magazine with the spent cases being ejected down.

The effective use of modern heavy field guns by the Boers during the Second Boer War (1899–1902) was a revelation to armies in Europe including the British. During the Korean War, the United States Army saw there was a need for a long-range, heavy calibre rifle and Ralph Walker of Selma Alabama converted several Boys to .50 using M2 barrels (similar to their sniper trials during the Second World War) and attaching telescopic sights to them. On the other side for the 56 lb shell (15,200 yards).[17]. Source: Imperial War Museum This QF 2-pounder was not the same gun as the QF 2 pounder "pom-pom" gun extensively used by the Royal Navy as an anti-aircraft gun although they both fired 2 pounds (0.9 kg), 40 millimetres (1.6 in) projectiles. The United States received 771 Boys Mk.1* from Canada. This was adopted into service as the Mk.II bullet in June 1939 and the Mk.I bullet was declared obsolete in December of that year.

The United Kingdom offered to donate 100 of its Boys to the Finnish cause. Unfortunately, in 1900 the Secretary of State for War had announced a plan to give ‘Volunteer Position Batteries 4.7 inch guns’, he also extolled the merits of 4.7, (which the army knew to be misleading) and in 1902 and 1903 Parliament voted to equip 60 Volunteer batteries with a 4.7 inch,[9] despite the 60 pounder being in development. Source: Wikimedia

These terms had been used in various documents in that war but not in the official designations of batteries. It was designed for one-man laying with both traverse and elevation sights and controls on the left. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. A Boys Mk.1.

It was used to 'up-gun' some foreign-built vehicles in British service, notably to produce the Sherman Fireflyvariant of the US M4 Sherman tank, giving British tank units the ability to hold their own …

It also received much simpler fixed sights and the butt padding was reinforced with rubber.

A group of Chinese Nationalist Soldiers practicing with a Boys Anti-Tank rifle. shell and bagged cartridge were loaded separately).

We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Within popular history culture, it is normally maligned as a useless deadweight upon the infantryman. Due to this, the sights were put onto the left-hand side. After the capture of Pretoria in 1900 Lord Roberts, the commander-in-chief in South Africa (and an artillery officer), had stated the requirements of a heavy field gun: a range of 10,000 yards, weight behind the team of no more than 4 tons and the largest possible shell, accordingly the Ordnance Committee in London ordered experimental guns and three were trialled.

[13] Mk I carriage had the usual field artillery wooden spoked wheels with iron tyres.

It was this weight that meant it needed to be in a prepared position and thus didn’t suit the more mobile, fluid nature of the modern battlefield. Australian forces had used their Boys to bring the tank to a halt and force a surrender. Source: Wikimedia

The end scene states “a rifle is like a woman, treat her right and she will never let you down”. Source: Wikimedia. [7], However, in 1902 the Heavy Battery Committee was formed comprising officers experienced with heavy and siege artillery in South Africa and presided over by Colonel Perrott who had commanded the Siege Train there. Source: Imperial War Museum [19] As more 60 pounders became available the 4.7 inch guns were retired. The trials continued throughout 1936 and in November 1937 the ‘Stanchion’ was accepted for service. Source: Forgotten Weapons The penetration certainly wasn’t poor. It was designed to take a modified .50 BMG cartridge but, after initial trials, the bullet was increased to a .55 calibre. During the Second World War they served with the BEF in France and North Africa in medium regiments, by the South African artillery in East Africa and by an Australian battery at Tobruk.

After the liberation of the Philippines, these rifles were then used during the Hukbalahap Rebellion and by Filipino forces in the Korean War.

Gun, Mk II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/BL_60-pounder_gun?oldid=4508699, 60 lb (27 kg) shell with 8 pounds (3.6 kg). Source:DesertRats.com It was mainly down to this reason why it was one of the first weapons to be abandoned during a retreat and why specialist groups like the Long Range Desert Patrol and the Special Air Service replaced it with other weapons (like the M2 Browning) as soon as possible. Facsimile reprint by Naval and Military Press 2005. Its cradle was difficult to make. As mentioned above, the Germans had acquired a large amount of Boys rifles from the retreating British forces in France 1940.

United States.



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